The key section of the document is Article 4, which prohibits certain uses of artificial intelligence, including mass surveillance and social credit scores
The European Union (EU) is considering a ban on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) for mass surveillance and social credit scores, among other applications. The EU is planning to take this step as artificial intelligence technology gets all-pervasive.
First reported by Politico, the leaked draft proposal is expected to be made official next week and would see the EU take a strong stance on certain applications of artificial intelligence, similar to the EU’s regulation of digital privacy under the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), reports The Verge.
Including systems that directly track individuals in physical environments or aggregate data from other sources, a ban on artificial intelligence is needed for “indiscriminate surveillance”, according to the draft.
Also, it seeks a ban on AI systems that create social credit scores, which means judging someone’s trustworthiness based on social behaviour or predicted personality traits.
The draft proposal seeks ban on special authorisation for using “remote biometric identification systems” like facial recognition in public spaces and asks for notifications when people interact with an AI system, unless this is “obvious from the circumstances and the context of use”.
The key section of the document is Article 4, which prohibits certain uses of artificial intelligence, including mass surveillance and social credit scores.
The EU proposal also demands new oversight for “high-risk” artificial intelligence systems, including those that pose a direct threat to safety, like self-driving cars, and those that have a high chance of affecting someone’s livelihood, like those used for job hiring, judiciary decisions, and credit scoring.
On social media too, the proposal drew some criticism.
The regulation “represents the typical Brussels approach to new tech and innovation. When in doubt, regulate”, Omer Tene, vice president of International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) said on Twitter.
Tene commented, “The key provision of the Reg is Article 4, which defines ‘prohibited AI practices’. It will cause great consternation because it’s vague and potentially all encompassing”.